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Heinkel He-219 Uhu
(Including RC Airplanes)

Heinkel He-219 Uhu
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Specifications

        Primary Function:
        Crew:
        Engines:
        Power:
        Weight Empty:
        Max. Weight:
        Cannons:
        Length:
        Wingspan:
        Cruise Speed:
        Max. Speed:
        Initial Climb:
        Ceiling:
        Range:
        First Flight:
        Year Deployed:
night interceptor
two
Damiler Benz 603L
2 x 2,100 hp ea.
18,400 lbs.
26,350 lbs.
4 x 20 mm
53 ft. 7 in.
60 ft. 8 in.
335 mph
405 mph
2,300 fpm
39,400 feet
1,150 miles
11/15/42
1943






The Heinkel He-219 Uhu (Owl) was originally designated project P.1060 when conceived in 1940 as a high speed, multi-role twin engine aircraft. It wasn't until 1941 that the Luftwaffe took an interest in the aircraft. That is when RAF Bomber Commands night raids began to impact Germany's weapons production. Ernst Heinkel was asked to change his design into a nightfighter. The Heinkel He-219 Uhu nightfighter first flew in November of 1942. It is said to be the only propeller driven Luftwaffe night fighter aircraft with the speed and maneuverability capable of intercepting the Mosquito.

The Heinkel He-219 Uhu was evaluated in mock combat against other Luftwaffe aircraft and did so well that a production order was immediately placed. The aircraft, equipped with radar that could find enemy bombers without any light, and heavy armament with which to down them, was very impressive.

The Luftwaffe wanted to press even early prototype aircraft into service. In April of 1943 a trial unit was formed at Venio, Holland. On the night of June 11, Major Werner Streib, flying the Heinkel He-219 Uhu, downed five enemy bombers in a single sortie. During its first six night missions, the aircraft downed 20 enemy bombers. This should have proven the military value of a dedicated nightfighter aircraft to the government.

With the addition of more powerful engines the Heinkel He-219 Uhu became an excellent aircraft that many speculate would have had a large detrimental effect on the British night bombing effort. However, few of the aircraft saw service because of initial German government opposition to a dedicated twin engine night fighting aircraft. When the government did approve of development of the aircraft, production problems kept the output too low for them to become a significant contributor to the German night interceptor effort.

A number of different models of the Heinkel He-219 Uhu were produced to prove the worth of the aircraft to still skeptical government officials. From November 1944 forward, virtually the only aircraft being produced in Germany were jets. There were only enough He-219 aircraft produced to equip a single unit, 1/NJG 1, based at Venio. Some Heinkel He-219 Uhu aircraft were attached to other units, but they were never used strategically.

The Heinkel He-219 Uhu was the first Luftwaffe production aircraft to employ a tricycle landing gear. It was the first production aircraft in the world to have ejection seats. Its radar was said to be advanced, lighter in weight than other units, have a relatively long range, and be quite accurate for its time.

Approximately 300 Heinkel He-219 Uhu aircraft were produced. Their story is of an aircraft that never reached its full potential due to the German high command.



Heinkel He-219 Uhu
Vanguard Vancouver Heinkel He-219 Uhu

Vanguard Vancouver has plans and short kits for two sizes of rc Heinkel He-219 Uhu. The picture immediately above is of the airplane from their kit.

The smaller Vanguard Vancouver rc Heinkel He-219 Uhu kit for sale has a wingspan of 91". Power comes from are a pair of .75 engines. We are told that the radio control airplane can easily be converted to electric power. Construction materials used are plywood and balsa.

The larger Vanguard Vancouver rc Heinkel He-219 Uhu kit has a wingspan of 121". You can power it with electric motors or a pair of .90 engines.

The second and third pictures below are of a great looking rc Heinkel He-219 Uhu scratch built by Jim Marshall. It has a wingspan of 120", a length of 102", and an all up weight of 32 lbs. Jim used balsa and ply construction materials with foam core wings. Powering it are a pair of Zenoah G38 engines.

The last picture on this page is of the Heinkel He-219 Uhu by Aeronaut Products. Wingspan is 55" and length is 41". Power can be from geared speed 400 motors or HET-RC Typhoon Micro 15/10 motors. All up weight should be around 56 oz.



Heinkel He-219 Uhu built by Jim Marshall.


Jim Marshall and his Heinkel He-219.


Aeronaut Products Heinkel He-219 Uhu.

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