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Heinkel He 280



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Specifications

        Primary Function:
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        Thrust:
        Weight Empty:
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        First Flight:
fighter prototype
one
HeS 8
2 x 1,320 lbs. ea.
7,070 lbs.
9,470 lbs.
34 ft. 1 in.
40 ft.
510 mph
3,750 fpm
32,000 feet
230 miles
9/22/40






Heinkel He 280
Heinkel He 280
Click on the picture to hear the wav sound.


The Heinkel He 280 was the world's first jet fighter design to take to the sky. It was also the first aircraft ever to have a pair of jet engines. Yet another aviation first, was that it was the first aircraft of any type to have an ejection seat and the first aircraft ever where its pilot used its ejection seat to bail out in an emergency.

While elements of its single engine predecessor were featured in the design of the He 280, the aircraft was entirely new, designed not as an engine test bed, but as a fighter aircraft. It was designed from the start to best the latest piston engine fighters of its day. Twin engines, a larger fuselage and wings, and a different tailplane were all part of the new design.

Tests of prototype Heinkel He 280 aircraft found that they had excellent handling and a speed higher than any propeller aircraft of the time. This was verified when one flew in direct competition with a modern piston power fighter aircraft during a mock dog fight.

As a result of the demonstration, the German government placed an order for 300 of the aircraft, but due to problems with engine reliability the order was canceled before it could be completed. Only nine He 280 aircraft were ever produced.



Heinkel He-280
Heinkel He 280 - Wagner

The Heinkel He 280 from Johaan Wagner has a wingspan of 78 3/4". Construction is mostly from balsa. It uses pair of Ultra 930-6 motors turning Schuebeler DS-51 fans.


Heinkel He-280
Heinkel He 280 - Pfeiffer

The Heinkel He 280 built by Reinhart Pfeiffer has a wingspan of 39 1/2" and a length of 35 1/2". Power is from two speed 400 motors turning 65 mm fans. All up weight is about 3 lbs.


Heinkel He-280
Heinkel He 280 - in flight


Heinkel He-280
Heinkel He 280 - Heilig

The Heinkel He 280 built by Jurgen Heilig wingspan is 49 1/2" and length is 42 1/2". It is made from balsa and plywood. It uses a pair of Torque 28301/1985 motors to drive 64 mm fans. Weight is 4 1/2 lbs.

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